The book of James, which was written A.D. 44–49, is the earliest book written in the New Testament (NT). In this little book—it’s only five chapters—James addresses how we are to inculcate wisdom into our lives. Or, better, he reveals the basis and means by which God instills His wisdom. Think of wisdom as the skill of living life for His glory.
This week we take a look at how becoming spiritually mature leads to wisdom. Read on, my friend.
God not only wants you to grow in the knowledge of His Word, but to apply it as well, to gain skill in living your life to God’s glory. God has a definite strategy—and means—to appropriate the knowledge you gain from Scripture; chapter one of this epistle reveals His way of doing just that! How many followers of Christ do you know who are knowledgeable but not very wise? That is to say, not spiritually mature; lacking in applying to daily living the knowledge they have gained from God’s Word. Herein James presents the means by which God intends to accomplish growth in the life of the believer. It follows that this passage is of tantamount importance to your understanding as to how God intends to sanctify you. Keep in mind that it is normative for God to be about growing up His called-out ones. The apostle Paul states to the church at Philippi in this regard, “For I am confident of this very thing, that He who began a good work in you will perfect it until the day of Christ Jesus” (Philippians 1:6).
Let’s now work through this passage and discover how God intends to achieve spiritual growth in the life of the believer.
II. PRESUPPOSITIONS FOR OBTAINING GOD’S WISDOM
Note what James is attempting to convey in this passage: The normalcy of and the economy by which all believers are intended to grow in Christlikeness. Again, herein revealed is the means by which God has ordained to grow you and me in Christ. What follows are three preliminary thoughts in the first five verses that pertain to this God-ordained purpose and objective. To be ignorant or misunderstand any of the three preliminary points that follow is to hinder the development of God’s wisdom (applied knowledge/ spiritual growth) in your life.
A. GOD’S PEOPLE ARE IN NEED OF HIS WISDOM: v. 1
“James, a bond-servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes who are dispersed abroad: Greetings.”
James was the half-brother of Jesus Christ and the brother of the NT author Jude who were among other sons of Mary and Joseph (cf. Mark 6:3; Matthew 12:46) ( Joseph and Mary had daughters as well). Although not an apostle, he was an associate of the apostles (Galatians 1:19). James was a very prominent early leader in the church at Jerusalem. It follows that he would refer to himself as a bond-servant of the Lord Jesus Christ. He wrote this epistle with the authority of having personally seen the resurrected Christ (1 Corinthians 15:7).
James is writing to fellow followers of Christ regarding their need to embrace trials for the sake of spiritual growth. The twelve tribes refers to various believers who had been dispersed due to persecution under Herod Agrippa (cf. Acts 12; ca. A.D. 44). In support of James addressing a Christian audience—a key factor in the proper interpretation of the epistle—note that James will soon call the recipients of his letter “my brethren” in verses 2 and 19. Tribes therefore is a descriptor for fellow brethren or believers. Accordingly, the instruction that follows regarding how God grows someone in godliness is instruction that is intended for believers. Again, this is an all-important premise for proper understanding of what the Word of God is teaching in this passage.
B. GOD HAS A WAY OF IMPARTING HIS WISDOM: vv. 2–4
“Consider it all joy, my brethren, when you encounter various trials, knowing that the testing of your faith produces endurance. And let endurance have its perfect result, so that you may be perfect and complete, lacking in nothing.”
Trials, peripepto in Greek, means to “fall into the midst of ” which speaks of God’s sovereign orchestration. The word when in this text indicates that the believer will always encounter various trials. When indicates the normative nature of God-orchestrated events that are intended by Him for your betterment in the long-run. Next, take notice of the progression in this portion of James 1: Trials and the testing of your faith bring about the need for perseverance, or endurance, which is language synonymous with the end result of spiritual maturation or heading toward becoming perfect and complete, lacking in nothing. This is the ultimate objective of the spiritual maturation process that James has in mind as he writes to persecuted and dispersed brethren.
One of the ways God uses to grow his children is through trials.
It is important to add here that trials and the testing of your faith always have a view in the mind of God toward your maturation—you and I becoming more useful to God and bearing more fruit (cf. the parable of the sower, Matthew 13:23). In addition, keep in mind God’s bigger purposes for your maturation: He is preparing a spotless bride to give to His Son at the future Marriage Supper of The Lamb, that eschatological future event where God the Father rewards God The Son by giving Him the saints, the Church, in all her perfection (cf. Revelations 19:7–14). All that to say:
Your spiritual maturity is a very important matter in the eyes of God—and it has just as much to do with God honoring the Second Member of the Trinity for paying the price for sin, going through the agony of the cross, as it does you personally.
The Greek word for testing (dokimion) is used in the Septuagint, an early Greek translation of the Old Testament (OT), when translating Proverbs 27:21: “The crucible is for silver and the furnace for gold, and each is tested by the praise accorded him.” The point being that the meaning of the word testing reveals by contextual usage the process by which God refines our faith. God intends for our lives to be refined by the crucible of testing, persecution, and suffering so that the dross and impurities of the old sin-laden nature, the pre-Christ nature, might by stripped away by the process. As a result, we become increasingly pure and valuable as we progress in and toward Christlikeness. This is worth underscoring: James here is revealing to the brethren God’s way of purifying His chosen vessels, His called-out ones. The idea here is explicitly revealed in our text under study: to let this process have its intended, perfect result! In a similar sense the author of Hebrews (12:5–7) also speaks about God’s purpose for trials, here expressed as being a form of discipline is His quest to mature His saints—to achieve His perfect result:
“‘My son, do not regard lightly the discipline of the Lord, nor faint when you are reproved by Him; for those whom the Lord loves He disciplines, and He scourges every son whom He receives.’ It is for discipline that you endure; God deals with you as with sons; for what son is there whom his father does not discipline?”
If God’s intended purpose for trials and discipline is His means of maturity, to achieve His perfect result, then it should come as no surprise that those who are saved by God’s grace should consider various trials as all joy. Why? They indicate God’s love for you and His fatherly desire to grow you up into spiritual adulthood— becoming buff, spiritually speaking—to sanctify you. Genesis chapter 50:20, reveals Joseph’s deep understanding of this heavenly economy for achieving spiritual growth; his godly reaction to those who brought all kinds of pain into his life (his biological brothers) is indicated by his response: “As for you, you meant evil against me, but God meant it for good in order to bring about this present result …” This is a profound insight! Joseph gets what James, chapter one teaches! Genesis 50:20 packs this principle in a personality! Adopt the reason why Joseph embraced trials in your own life! Here is a proper, joyous response to trials, trials that God allows in the lives of all His children.
In verse 12 of our home chapter, James will soon provide further motivation for responding in a godly fashion to trials:
“Blessed is a man who perseveres under trial; for once he has been approved, he will receive the crown of life which the Lord has promised to those who love Him.”
The crown spoken of here relates to the Bema Seat Judgment (cf. Romans 14:10– 12 and 2 Corinthians 5:10) wherein in the eschatological future:
Jesus will reward the believer for his faithfulness, in this case, victoriously overcoming trials in his life.
What a great promise and motivation! James is coaching and coaxing us to succeed in our trials with a reward in view! Oppositely, to fail to learn and apply what God intends to teach us in a trial is tantamount to asking for the same thing all over again! Why go through an unpleasant experience three or four times before you learn your lessons? God will orchestrate similar situations in His continuing attempts to grow His called-out ones in a particular area where we are failing to grow. I know some folks like this who just keep facing the same situations over and over because of their mule-like recalcitrance. Don’t stunt your growth; understand and embrace what James, through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, is saying to you! Verses 2–4 have served to explain God’s means of imparting His wisdom in your life. Notice next in the passage that God desires to accurately impart His wisdom in your life.
C. GOD DESIRES TO ACCURATELY IMPART HIS WISDOM: v. 5
“But if any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all generously and without reproach, and it will be given to him.”
The third and last presupposition to spiritual growth that James states in this passage is that God wants to make sure you know exactly what it is He is attempting to get you to change in your life. The Greek word James is using here for wisdom is sophias which means, “applied knowledge.” The promise of this great passage is that if you ask Him, (and He expects you to ask), God will show you specifically how to apply His Word to what you need to change. If you are unsure about what it is God is attempting to apply in your life, rest assured He will let you know! And it will be given to you is an unconditional promise! States Proverbs 2:6 in parallel fashion, “For the Lord gives wisdom.” Further, Jesus said, “Ask and it will be given to you …” (Matthew 7:7). Lest one think these passages are meant to underscore some kind of a mystical encounter with God through some kind of modern-day dream or vision, it is (in keeping with the whole counsel of God on the matter including the closing of the canon in the books of Jude and Revelation), His illumination of His Word to your heart via your personal study, or through a biblically based sermon, or perhaps the counsel of a godly friend sharing Scriptures with you pertinent to your trial, that God will use to illumine in your inner spirit the purpose of the trial. It will be given to you is a promise of God via the context and conduit of His revealed Word!
Illumination is a wonderful biblical doctrine as expressed in Psalm 119:33–34; Luke 24:45; Ephesians 1:17–18; Colossians 1:9–11; 1 John 2:20, 27, and James 1:21. Illumination is the foundational basis of how God imparts or gives His wisdom to you. Illumination is directly and categorically connected to the great doctrines of inspiration and revelation without violating them. I.e., God inspired His Word, He revealed His Word, and He is faithful to illumine His Word to our hearts; one of the ministries of God, the Holy Spirit, is to lead you into all truth (cf. Psalm 43:3).
Any other interpretation of it will be given to you leads to subjective mysticism. Subjective mysticism is opposite of empirical revelation, which is finding out through principles revealed in the Word of God what it is that God is attempting to teach/ impart to you. That’s to say this:
What God is attempting to teach you through your trial must be founded in and by biblical truth!
Note further the importance of this understanding via the distinctiveness of the word James uses for wisdom (sophias): It is in contrast to other words common in NT use, for instance, sunesis, which means theoretical knowledge, or oida, which translated means intuitive knowledge. In using the word sophias James is communicating that God is very personable with His children and will give, illuminate in an objective sense (i.e., in concert with Scripture) the correct and practical application of biblical knowledge to one’s life’s situation. I.e., what is my trial and testing all about? How is this to be understood from God’s perspective? God will let me know because this passage says He desires to accurately impart His wisdom.
The aforementioned are the three presuppositions for obtaining wisdom in one’s life. In the progression of the chapter, James now lists three hindrances—ways to derail—personal maturation through God’s economy of trials.
III. THREE WAYS TO DERAIL SPIRITUAL GROWTH
A. DERAILMENT VIA DOUBT: vv. 6–8
“But he must ask in faith without any doubting, for the one who doubts is like the surf of the sea, driven and tossed by the wind. For that man ought not to expect that he will receive anything from the Lord, being a double-minded man, unstable in all his ways.”
Keep in mind that these following verses in James 1 relate directly to the revealed thesis and objective of the passage: let[ting] the trial have its perfect result. The first hindrance James lists relative to gaining the result of spiritual maturity is to be a doubter, or double-minded about the way in which God wants to accomplish things in your life: doubting the very economy of trials being orchestrated by God in your life in order to grow you up.
Many Christians in our country and in our capital community are in a headlong pursuit for personal satisfaction, significance, and importance with little regard, room, or consideration for God’s formula for growth.
Hopefully you and I are not among them. In their idolatry of self-pursuit, they hunger for various other things such as fame and power, money, and personal glory, etc. Idolatry is anything that is elevated in one’s heart above the quest of God’s revealed purposes. They desire those things above God’s wisdom and are attempting to crowd out the still, small voice of God, via His Word, in their hearts. In their doubt and double mindedness they disregard all that is being taught here by James.
Doubting, double-minded Christians are those who aren’t real sure what their highest priorities are in life. They are like wind-driven waves that regularly change direction. They have one foot in and one foot out. As a result, they tend to view God’s onslaught of trials with a questionable or jaded perspective, never quite learning from them, nor are they sure they want to. Subsequently:
By discounting God’s plan for personal growth, a believer remains spiritually immature, unwise.
As a result, like newborns (cf. 1 Corinthians 3:1) they are unstable in all [their] ways. The first major derailment then of God’s growth formula is this: doubting or being double-minded about trials being from God. Don’t doubt for a second that God’s superintended trials are His way of achieving growth in your life!
B. DERAILMENT VIA DODGING: vv. 9–11
“But the brother of humble circumstances is to glory in his high position; and the rich man is to glory in his humiliation, because like flowering grass he will pass away. For the sun rises with a scorching wind and withers the grass; and its flower falls off and the beauty of its appearance is destroyed; so too the rich man in the midst of his pursuits will fade away.”
What is James communicating in this specific part of the passage? How does this discussion relate to the previously established context of spiritual maturation? In Hebraic writing fashion, James herein is segueing into a further elaboration of the primary truth of verses 2 and 3 by relating the truths about trials first to a humble man, who possesses very little if any means, in contrast secondly to the rich man who has many resources at his disposal such as wealth, power, and connections. Keep in mind from the aforementioned that both the rich man and the humble man are believers; this is not a contrast between a rich unbeliever and a humble believer.
Why is James forging this contrast? A brother of humble circumstances is by definition and contextual intention, one who is without the personal ability to dodge a trial. Such circumstances, as they relate to gaining from a trial, is termed a high position because this person is in the best position to learn from a trial! He should, per the point of the passage, glory in his high position for which he finds himself in this life! Conversely, it is much easier for a wealthy and/or powerful believer to avoid the manifest purposes that God has sovereignly ordained through His orchestration of a trial because he is in a better position to avoid the trial via his own resources; he can defuse the intent of the trial much easier than can a believer who has few material or influential resources. The rich man can more easily dodge the lesson(s) and growth desired by God in and by His origination and orchestration of the attention-grabbing event(s). This helps explain why in a practical sense:
Wealthy and powerful Christians are more apt to remain spiritually immature because they have the wherewithal to circumvent God’s growth mechanism.
As a Christian public servant you are a powerful, rich person. So, mark this: In trying times turn first to God for direction and application of biblical precepts, rather than attempting to jimmy yourself out of problems with no reflection or regard for what God may be attempting to teach you! Devising a way out of a matter in and by one’s own power, resources, and resourcefulness is to miss out on God’s gift of a growth opportunity! Note Jeremiah 9:23–24 in regards to harboring thoughts of self-sufficiency: “Thus says the Lord, ‘Let not a wise man boast of his wisdom, and let not the mighty man boast of his might, let not a rich man boast of his riches; but let him who boasts boast of this, that he understands and knows Me …’” Face God’s trials head on and be honest with Him: Ask, “God, what are you attempting to teach me through this?” and be alert for His response. Don’t hinder God’s trials by dodging them with the use of personal resources. You’ll be more mature and Christ-like when you stand before Him as a result. Don’t buy God off and short-circuit your spiritual growth!
C. DERAILMENT VIA DISPUTING: vv. 19–21
“This you know, my beloved brethren. But everyone must be quick to hear, slow to speak and slow to anger; for the anger of man does not achieve the righteousness of God. Therefore, putting aside all filthiness and all that remains of wickedness, in humility receive the word implanted, which is able to save your souls.”
James continues on the same subject here—with yet another way we tend to derail God from having His perfect results in our lives. In this particular passage the believer is disputing a trial. Again, the verbiage of verses 19–21 is not disjointed to the earlier subject of trials. James’ point now is this: To react angrily to trials is common but so doing is antithetical to considering a trial as joyful in one’s attitudinal response. The oft-quoted passage ( James 1:19):
“Be quick to hear, slow to speak and slow to anger” in its intended context, and tightest definition is speaking of a proper and mature response to trials.
Accordingly this glibly used passage takes on a heightened, more specific meaning: Likened to Joseph, we need to learn to first be contemplative relative to the onslaught of various trials in our lives! We need to be quick to hear from God; we need to be slow to speak in terms of disputing the relevance of the trial to our life; and we need to see the trial for what it is through the lens of God’s sovereignty, versus becoming angry relative to what has befallen us. Again, listen with the attitude, “God, what are you trying to teach me through this?” rather than reacting harshly and complaining about perpetrators with others who are uninvolved, or lashing out in some other form of outward anger. How spiritually childish implies James! Put such responses aside and receive the word, i.e., the principles from Scripture which God wants to implant in your life. To receive the word implanted is a beautiful synonym, underscore and contextual bookend to the meaning of becoming spiritual mature as a result of the trial. All is opposite to disputing the significance of a trial. Be contemplative versus reactive to trials my friend.
You may note that we skipped over verses 12–18. Among other related matters, James speaks to the ancillary, parenthetical subject of whether the temptation in a trial is from God or not, which represents a different subject, a study in itself for another day.
The apostle Paul provides much by way of additional insight into the internal thought processes and disciplines that the believer need cultivate to become spiritually mature in times of and through trials. He states in Philippians 4:6–9:
“Be anxious for nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God. And the peace of God, which surpasses all comprehension, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Finally, brethren, whatever is true, whatever is honorable, whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is of good repute, if there is any excellence and if anything worthy of praise, dwell on these things. The things you have learned and received and heard and seen in me, practice these things, and the God of peace will be with you.”
Our natural immature response to trials is to be slow to hear from God, quick to speak to others about the injustice besieging us, and quick to anger in our emotions. Notice how the above Pauline passage from the book of Philippians contrasts with our all-to-human, fleshly, default responses. Paul’s inner thoughts were to put off anxiety, knowing God is in sovereign control over the affairs of His called-out ones.
In times of trials don’t doubt, dodge, or dispute.
Turn first to God in prayer and give thanks. Look for God’s protection in your heart and mind, and then force yourself to dwell on what is true, honorable, right, pure, lovely and of good repute. He modeled this for us and we need to discipline our minds to respond maturely—increasingly so—in all of life’s trials so as to achieve spiritual growth in our lives.
NOTES: There are four reasons I believe this passage is referring to wealthy believers versus unbelievers as it is sometimes interpreted to mean. (1) In verses 2 and 9 Paul is addressing this letter to believers. (2) He resumes his thesis of trials in verse 12 right after the conclusion of this section. (3) The syntactical conjunctions throughout chapter one connect all the thoughts and homogenize the context. (4) Theologically, Scripture elsewhere does not teach that wealth versus poverty is the determining factor in one’s salvation (a faulty dualism); accordingly, just because James labels someone rich and another humble is not synonymous with stating someone is not saved or saved.